It’s clear that the most popular thing about Dover are its wonderful white cliffs which made the area renown all over the world. The white chalk walls defend the city of Dover from both the rage of nature as well as unwanted guests. The cliffs can be spotted from miles away and have been defending the beautiful town of Dover even since its first years of life, repulsing powerful enemies such as Napoleon’s troops. Formed mainly of chalk they are a good illustration of how a tiny thing such as an algae can produce something of such grandeur like the White Cliffs of Dover. This natural defense helped the town of Dover preserve many of its unique aspects, therefore, don’t be amazed in case, during your tour to Dover, you will stumble upon a heard of free-roaming horses. Obviously, the cliffs independently are the most beautiful thing you will find in Dover.
During the Victorian period Dover was a world famous seaport but today is just a place to cross the Channel to France. The town’s position was ideal for the port because the city was surrounded by hills, thus, protecting it from strong winds. Even under this circumstances dams had to be built in order to prevent the deposit of sediments or landslides. This forced the port of Dover to expand inland, to the beach.
Dover Castle is yet another medieval building in the southeast of England. Built by King Henry II, the castle is mostly a dungeon surrounded by a strong defensive wall, named by historians “the key to England” for its strategic importance. The Dover Castle is perfectly preserved and has a great number of architectural elements still existing as one of the two lighthouses which is 24 meters high. You can still admire the castle towers, tunnels and underground rooms or, you can walk through the secret tunnel that was built as an escape out of the castle in case of sieges. The bastions, officers room an observation tower still exist and continue to amaze the visitors through their grandeur. Although built in the Middle Ages, the castle was used even in the twentieth century, when the secret tunnels became an anti-air attacks shelter.